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Dharana: The 6th Limb of Yoga

In the practice of yoga, the eight limbs outlined by Patanjali in the Yoga Sutras serve as a guide for achieving a balanced and harmonious life. These limbs, or steps, provide a comprehensive framework for spiritual growth and self-realization.

The sixth limb, Dharana, is a fundamental aspect of yoga that focuses on concentration and mental discipline.

Understanding Dharana

Dharana is often translated as “concentration” or “single-pointed focus.” It involves directing one’s attention to a single point of focus, such as a specific object, image, or sound. By doing so, practitioners aim to quiet the mind and cultivate inner stillness. This state of focused concentration is essential for progressing to the subsequent limb of yoga, Dhyana (meditation), and ultimately Samadhi (union with the divine).

Practicing Dharana

The practice of Dharana can take various forms, depending on individual preferences and goals. Some common techniques include Trataka (candle gazing), focusing on the breath, repeating a mantra, or visualizing a specific image or symbol. Regardless of the method chosen, the key is to maintain unwavering attention on the chosen focal point, allowing distractions to fade away.

Benefits of Dharana

The regular practice of Dharana offers numerous benefits for mental and emotional well-being. By developing the ability to concentrate deeply, individuals can experience improved focus, enhanced clarity of thought, and heightened awareness. Moreover, Dharana can help reduce stress and anxiety by calming the mind and promoting a sense of inner peace.

Incorporating Dharana into Daily Life

While Dharana is often practiced during formal meditation sessions, its principles can also be applied to everyday activities. By approaching tasks with focused attention and mindfulness, individuals can cultivate a sense of presence and purpose in their actions. Whether it’s engaging in work, hobbies, or interactions with others, the practice of Dharana can enrich one’s experiences and foster a deeper connection with the present moment.


Dharana serves as a vital stepping stone on the path of yoga, offering practitioners a means to refine their mental faculties and attain greater inner stability. Through dedicated practice and perseverance, individuals can harness the power of concentration to unlock new levels of awareness and insight.

- Sat Nam

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