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The 7th Limb of Yoga: Dhyana - The Art of Meditation




The 7th limb of yoga, Dhyana, is a pivotal aspect of the eight-fold path of yoga as outlined by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras. It is the culmination of the practice, where the practitioner fully immerses in the state of meditation. This blog post will delve into the essence of Dhyana, exploring its significance, techniques, and the benefits it offers on the path of self-realization.


What is Dhyana?

Dhyana, often translated as meditation, is a state of profound concentration and inner absorption. It is the deepening of Dharana, the 6th limb, where the practitioner maintains unwavering focus on a single point of concentration. In Dhyana, the mind is completely absorbed in the object of meditation, transcending the duality of subject and object.


Techniques of Dhyana

  1. Choosing a meditation object: The first step in practicing Dhyana is selecting an object of concentration. Common choices include the breath, a mantra, or a visualization. The object should be simple, easy to focus on, and conducive to mental stillness.

  2. Finding a conducive environment: A quiet, comfortable, and distraction-free environment is essential for successful meditation. This may include dimming the lights, sitting in a comfortable posture, and minimizing external stimuli.

  3. Breath awareness: Developing awareness of the breath is a fundamental aspect of Dhyana. Focusing on the breath helps to anchor the mind and maintain concentration.

  4. Cultivating mindfulness: Developing mindfulness is crucial for maintaining focus during meditation. Practitioners should be aware of their thoughts and emotions without judgment or attachment, allowing them to return to the object of concentration with ease.


Benefits of Dhyana

  1. Emotional balance: Regular practice of Dhyana can help regulate emotions, reducing stress, anxiety, and other negative emotions.

  2. Mental clarity: As concentration deepens, the mind becomes more focused and clear, improving cognitive function and decision-making.

  3. Spiritual growth: Dhyana facilitates self-realization by fostering a connection with the divine or higher self.

  4. Physical well-being: Meditation has been linked to improved immune function, reduced inflammation, and enhanced overall physical health.


The 7th limb of yoga, Dhyana, is a transformative practice that deepens concentration and leads to self-realization. By mastering the techniques of meditation and cultivating mindfulness, practitioners can experience the numerous benefits of this profound state of inner absorption. As we continue our journey on the path of yoga, Dhyana serves as a powerful tool for personal growth and spiritual awakening.


- Sat Nam


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